Tag Archives: Dana Goldstein

The Ultimate Troubling Question: Will you Campaign and Vote for Bloomberg against Trump? (Nose holding permissable)

I was at a celebration of The City College (CCNY) at the Center for Jewish History, a packed auditorium, panels about the college from the 30’s to the 60’s, and, Sid Davidoff, one of the closest advisors to former mayor John Lindsay was one of the panelists. I started to talk with him and led off by saying we crossed path during the teacher strike in ’68; he turned away and rushed down the hallway. It was the teacher union that derailed Lindsay’s run for the White House in 1972.

John Lindsay, a progressive, Rockefeller Republican, btw, an extinct breed, was both exalted and despised as mayor (1965-73).

Lindsay was elected mayor to 1965, cities were on fire!!  Riots in Los Angeles, Detroit and Newark, troops and tanks in the streets, the nation seemed on the verge of another civil war.

The Watts riots in Los Angeles (August 11 to 16, 1965); 34 deaths and 1.032 injuries.

The Detroit riot, known as the “Detroit Rebellion,” (July 23 – 28, 1967) was one of the deadliest and most destructive riots in American history.  Governor George Romney ordered the Michigan Army National Guard into Detroit to help end the disturbance. President Lyndon Johnson sent in the United States Army’s 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions. The result was 43 dead, 1,189 injured, over 7,200 arrests, and more than 2,000 buildings destroyed...

The scale of the uprising was the worst in the United States since the 1863 New York City draft riots during the American Civil War.

There were 159 race riots that swept cities in the United States during the “Long Hot Summer of 1967.”  The Newark riot, July 12-17, 1967 resulted in 26 deaths and 727 injuries.

New York City danced around the chaos that was enveloping cities; we’ll never know whether Lindsay’s policies averted riots in New York City.

Two sociologists at Columbia University, Richard Andrew Cloward and his wife  Frances Fox Piven postulated an “answer,” referred to as the Cloward- Piven Strategy,  “…forcing political change through orchestrated crisis;” a strategy adopted by Lindsay and his team.

Lindsay, with support from the Ford Foundation, created three demonstration school districts with elected governing boards (I lived in one of the districts, “Two Bridges,” and attended the rambunctious meetings). In the spring,1968, one of the governing board “fired” a group of white teachers, the Board of Education and the mayor took no action, a grinding contentious strike lasted two months (See Martin Mayer, The Teacher Strike,1968 and Dana Goldstein The Teacher Wars, 2014, and, of course, Diane Ravitch, The Great School Wars, 1973.

In my view Lindsay saw “creating” a racially charged confrontation with two goals, satisfying the “demands” of activists and disempowering an aggressive union.

The riots that engulfed cities never reached New York City; however, as Lindsay tried to move to the next step, a run for the White House, he was derailed by New Yorkers, clearly influenced by the corrosive, racially-charged teacher strike.

… residual anger against Lindsay from transplanted New Yorkers in Florida was symbolized by the presence of an airplane flying over the Miami beaches as Lindsay was campaigning below. The plane was hired by a former New Yorker, and the banner read: “Lindsay Spells Tsuris,” the Yiddish word for trouble.

After the defeat, Brooklyn Democratic boss Meade Esposito put the final nail in Lindsay’s campaign by announcing: “Little Sheba better come home.” The humbled mayor did return home to finish out the remainder of his mayoralty, but his political career was over.

 In the 70’s the union began an oral history project, interviews with union leaders and others involved in the creation of the union, the only person who refused to participate was John Lindsay.

Three decades later anotherRockefeller Republcan was running for office.

The mayoral election in 2001 was unique; the attack on the Twin Towers took place on the 9/11, the same day as the Democratic primary. The primary was voided and postponed, in the rescheduled primary no candidate received 40% of the vote, a runoff three weeks later,  the exhausted Democratic candidate was defeated by the political novice, Mike Bloomberg.

Bloomberg’s first initiative, with support of the teacher union, ran up to Albany, and ended decentralization of schools, mayoral control: the mayor was fully responsible for educational policy and the day-to-day operation of schools. Bloomberg selected a lawyer, a litigator with absolutely no education credentials as chancellor.

Bloomberg began by working with the union, in the 2005 and 2007 teacher contracts sharply increased: teacher salalry increases of over 40%; and, yes, there union agreed to an extended school day and ended the seniority transfer plan.

Bloomberg increasingly challenged the union; he closed 150 schools and opened 200 charter schools. Instead of placing teachers excessed from closing schools in regular school assignments he placed them in a pool, the Absent Teacher Reserve, and to tried to emulate Chicago where teachers from closed schools were laid off if they couldn’t find a job, in other words, end tenure. The union fought back and thwarted Bloomberg.  The relationship continued to deteriorate, the number of unsatisfactory ratings increased three-fold, 40% of teachers up for tenure had their tenure extended.

An angry mayor became a vindictive mayor.

The union waited him out, in New York State public employee contracts that expire remain in effect until the successor contract is negotiated.  The successor mayor, Bill de Blasio has been extremely supportive of schools and teachers.

In November I blogged about a possible Bloomberg candidacy, “Can Bloomberg Win the  Democratic Nomination for President? Can Bloomberg Defeat Trump?

Three month later Bloomberg has jumped into the fetid pool

In a February 10th Qunnipiac poll, Bloomberg, without running in a single primary, is solidly in the mix with 15% in a national poll. RealClearPoltics lists polls across the upcoming primary states and Bloomberg is doing even better.

As his polling numbers rise so will the attacks, his steadfast support for “stop and frisk,” eventually found to be unconstitutional by the courts. His apparent defense of “redlining” and defense of bank foreclosures during the 2008 recessions, and, of course, his steadfast support of Eva Moskowitz and charter schools. Will these attacks resonate?Is Bloomberg “Tsuris?”

At the February teacher union (UFT) Delegate Assembly (about 1,000 elected school delegates who meet every month) a delegate, a supporter of Bernie, asked whether the union leadership was considering an endorsement. UFT Preisdent Mulgrew replied, with union members engaged in all the camps why discourage their advocacy, the union did make endorsements in local campaigns, endorsements widely supported by the delegates.

Perhaps teacher antipathy will, once again, derail a presidential campaign; on the other hand, with untold millions to spend, who knows?   Will the union make an endorsement before the April 28 New York State primary? (I am a delegate)

Will the Bloomberg candidacy glow, fade, and crash, and replcate the rising star/faded star of the Lindsay candidacy?

If not, and, the ultimate question: will you get out there vote for and campaign for Bloomberg against Trump?

Trump Nominates Betsy DeVos and Declares War on Public Education: Vouchers, Charters and School Choice on Steroids

You may have been “happier” with Michelle Rhee or Eva Moskowitz?

Trump nominated Betsy DeVos, the wife a the scion of the DeVos family (Amway), one of the wealthiest families in the nation.

Will DeVos be the next Cathy Black or the deconstructor of public education?

DeVos has been the leader of the Michigan Republican Party, a major fund raiser for the Republican Party, an early supporter of Marco Rubio and her husband has led the assault on labor in Michigan;  lost to Jennifer Grandholm for the governor of Michigan in 2007 and has been in the forefront of the anti-labor assault.

Dick” DeVos,

“The Greatest Generation did not just win a World War, they labored shoulder-to-shoulder with fellow workers to create and sustain value-added enterprises. By contrast, ‘big union bosses have engaged in cozy deals and political backroom dealings in order to advance their personal agendas, not those of their members,’” 

 “By casting off the practice of forced unionization; Michigan now publicly declares to other states and in fact the world, that we embrace freedom for our workers, true equality in the workplace and that we are ready to compete with anyone, anywhere to create economic opportunity for our Michigan families.”

President Randi Weingarten wasted no time in trashing Betsy DeVos,

“The president-elect, in his selection of Betsy DeVos, has chosen the most ideological, anti-public education nominee put forward since President Carter created a Cabinet-level Department of Education. 

“In nominating DeVos, Trump makes it loud and clear that his education policy will focus on privatizing, defunding and destroying public education in America. 

“DeVos has no meaningful experience in the classroom or in our schools. The sum total of her involvement has been spending her family’s wealth in an effort to dismantle public education in Michigan. Every American should be concerned that she would impose her reckless and extreme ideology on the nation.

Dana Goldstein, the author if the acclaimed Teacher Wars: a History of America’s Most Embattled Profession parses DeVos’s attacks on public education in Michigan; a state in which charters perform poorly, well below public schools. With access to unlimited dollars DeVos passed legislation creating unregulated charter schools; in spite of legislative attempts to bring accountability to Michigan charter schools DeVos and her cronies successfully derailed the bill.

In an article in Slate  Goldstein paints a picture of DeVos as the Bill Gates of the educational far right who sees her role as creating a totally choice system. Using her fortune to impose her will on the public education.

Decisions as to the nature of schools is left to states and across the nation a handful of states have lenient charter laws, some restrict charters to not-for-profit sponsors, others for -profit and a few on-line for-profit schools.  The feds can provide dollars to existing charters schools; the creation and monitoring of charter schools is a state responsibility.

The battle over Title 1 dollars will dominate the new school wars. Republicans in the House have supported making Title 1 dollars portable, in other words turning them into vouchers that would follow the student to public, private, charters,  for-profits,  religious, or, even home schooling. The result would be dramatic reductions in dollars in the poorest public schools. A transfer of public taxpayer dollars from public schools to the free market, with for-profit schools reaping the dollars.

Diane Ravitch and the Network for Public Education have documented misuse and outright corruption in states with unregulated charter schools as well as extremely poor outcomes in voucher plans.

On the other hand the Trump/DeVos Department will be far less intrusive in states than the Obama/Duncan/King department. The Civil Rights Division of the USDOE has been activist pursuing innumerable challenges to states: Title 9 (Equity for Women in Sports programs), disproportionality (excessive numbers of minority children in Special Education classes as well as suspensions). The acceptance of Title 1 dollars gives the feds the authority to intervene, if they choose. One would expect DeVos would be a far less activist Secretary in these areas.

Under Senate rules a majority is required to confirm cabinet nominees; the Republicans hold a 52-48 majority and barring a catastrophic performance before the committee one would expect confirmations; although the dems will pressure the nominees in the process.

With virtually unlimited dollars DeVos had a free a hand in Michigan. The ability to flit from home to home; the family owns a compound in Vero Beach, Florida and a number of homes in Michigan. Dick DeVos is an accomplished pilot. Whether Betsy can maneuver the rocky shoals of public scrutiny is to be decided. Her actions will be perceived as hostile to cities, hostile to public schools, hostile to the poorest, the attacks will be unrelenting. Maybe she has alligator skin and can cast off the sticks and stones; maybe, like Cathy Black, her wealthy, elitist background will make her ill-prepared for public service.

Will the (de)formers, for example the Democrats for Education Reform (DFER), progressive democrats in most arenas jump on the Trump/DeVos band wagon? Frederick Hess, a leading charter supporter has already endorsed DeVos.

Public education across the nation is at risk.

Education Politics is a Blood Sport: Chancellor Tisch Responds to the Threatening Cuomo Letter

The last two weeks have been strange: the NYS Director of Operations, Jim Malatras, the Cuomo policy guru sent a public letter to Chancellor Tisch and Commissioner King raising “questions” in twelve different areas.
(Read the letter here)

The confrontational letter challenges the teacher evaluation system (“How is the current teacher evaluation system credible when only one percent of teachers are rated ineffective?”) The letter claims the current teacher discipline law (3020a) “makes it virtually impossible” to remove low performing teachers and asks why teachers with “disciplinary problems continue to be paid in the absent teacher reserve as opposed to being terminated.”

The “questions” challenge the length of the probationary period, encourages more rigorous standards for pre-service teachers, supports monetary incentives for high performing teachers, asks the Chancellor to address the “deplorable situation in Buffalo,” the charter school cap, online courses, the consolidation of school districts, mayoral control in New York City, the system for selecting Regents members and the process for selection the new commissioner.

I was not surprised by the letter.

NYSUT, the state teacher union has been tussling with the Governor for months, demonstrations, e-blasts to members, press releases, a steady stream of criticisms of Cuomo policies and statements. Cuomo was on his way to another term with meager opposition, suddenly, an obstacle. An unknown Fordham law professor, Zephyr Teachout challenged Cuomo at the Working Families Party (WFP) convention. The WFP is actually the left wing of the Democratic Party. Many in the WFP were unhappy with the Governor; he hadn’t pushed hard enough on the Women’s Equity Agenda, on ethics reform, on the public funding of elections and a range of other issues. Surprisingly Teachout became the darling of the left wing of the left wing, the left wing of the WFP; after considerable arm-twisting the WFP endorsed Cuomo giving him another line on the ballot.

Out of nowhere Teachout announced she was a candidate in the September Democratic primary. In only three weeks she collected 40,000 signatures to secure a place on the ballot.

NYSUT did not make an official endorsement, however, teachers all over the state worked for Teachout and a few teacher locals, including Buffalo, endorsed Teachout. She garnered 34% of the vote with no money. In November Teachout voters either stayed on the sidelines or voted for the Green Party. Cuomo, who was polling in the mid-sixties won with 54% of the vote.

I mentioned to a teacher activist to expect “consequences” if the local endorsed Teachout. He thought Cuomo “would understand.”

Politics is a blood sport. When your guy/gal wins you expect them to support your issues and when your guy/gal loses you can expect the winner to seek retribution. A deeply embedded political aphorism: screw with me and I screw with you.

Maybe you didn’t learn this in your civics class and maybe you’re willing to take the heat and continue to battle and maybe you’re simply an idealist.

In my view, the major issues for NYSUT are not charter schools and the teacher evaluation law; the major issues are the 2% property tax cap and the Gap Elimination Adjustment.

The property tax cap makes it almost impossible to negotiate a contract. Normal inflationary day-to-day expenses eat up the 2% cap. Locals who have negotiated contracts have negotiated contracts in the 1% range, sometimes with no retroactive raises, some have agreed to freeze step increases to avoid layoffs.

The Gap Elimination Adjustment (Read explanation here) was the way the state survived the economic meltdown in 2008 – basically cutting away dollars that school districts should have received under the state funding formula.

The property tax cap and the GEA are opposed by NYSUT, the State Superintendents Association as well as the School Board Association, it might have been possible to work together to ease these issues.

Unfortunately the charter school and the teacher evaluation system have eaten up all the air.

Malatras closed his letter with, “Several weeks ago Governor Cuomo said that improving education is thwarted by the monopoly of the education bureaucracy. The education bureaucracies main mission is to sustain the bureaucracy and the status quo is the enemy of change.”

Earlier today Chancellor Tisch respond with a 20-page missive (Read letter here), Geoff Decker at Chalkbeat muses on the Tisch response,

The letter offers the first comprehensive look at what the Board of Regents and State Education Department are willing to support as Cuomo prepares to push for aggressive changes to the way teachers are hired, fired, and evaluated.

Many of the other proposals and positions aren’t new, Tisch noted in an interview. Others were unsolicited, such as an increase in funding for underserved students, boosting school diversity and passing the DREAM Act.

But the letter’s contents stuck out because of the areas that Tisch and Berlin wade into that the State Education Department and Regents rarely speak up about, in part because they have limited power to change them.

“The questions and concerns outlined in the letter relate to issues of State Law, which are under the direct control of the State Legislature and the Governor, not the Department or the Board of Regents,” they write.

The Tisch-Berlin response is a defense of their own actions, a reiteration of policies that State Ed has sought from the legislature for years as well as support for issues raised in the Malatras letter. On a core issue in the original letter, the future of the Board of Regents, the Chancellor is curt – leave us alone.

The response letter calls for the extension of probation from three to five years, the elimination of independent arbitrators and the replacement with state employees, the restructuring of the teacher evaluation system with the state/school district not having to negotiate with local unions, termination without hearings for teachers with two consecutive ineffective ratings, fiscal incentives for high performing teachers, greater authority for the state to intervene in low performing schools and districts and greater funding for a range of initiatives.

For me, the most significant part of the response letter is the sections that are not a response. At the conclusion of the letter Tisch adds two areas for consideration: school desegregation and support for the Dreamers Act. Tisch-Berlin suggest exploring a number of efforts to reverse the deep segregation of schools and references a number of programs and goes on to urge the Governor to support the New York State Dreamers Act that makes a category of undocumented students eligible for state financial aid.

Next Wednesday the Governor will deliver his State of the State message, I expect he will continue to attack, and the unions will respond, the questions are whether the Governor and the unions can find some common ground, and, whether the Governor seeks changes in education governance at the state level.

In 1968 the UFT and the John Lindsay, the New York City mayor were engaged in a bitter struggle – the 40-day teacher strike, racial invective, the “white. liberal intelligentsia” traditionally pro-union viciously attacking the UFT, the growing and militant black power movement painting the union as akin to the worst of the racists of the South. A year later John Lindsay and the union negotiated a dramatic change in the teacher pension system, called Tier 1. (Read Dana Goldstein, The Teacher Wars). John Lindsay was considering running for president in 1972 and wanted to heal wounds and a spectacular increase in pension benefits was the salve.

Cuomo wants to “punish” teacher unions, to make it clear that attacking the Governor will have repercussions. A lesson for teacher unions and a lesson for other unions, the teacher unions have to fight back as well as seek avenues for reconciliation.

As a history teacher I’m reminded of “Going to Canossa (“Canossa” refers to an act of penance or submission), Henry IV, the Holy Roman Emperor, dressed in “sackcloth and ashes,” humbled himself in the snow outside of the castle of Pope Gregory seeking absolution from the threat of excommunication. Henry retained his throne.

Charter school quotas and the teacher the evaluation system are negotiable, and, the core issues are the Gap Elimination Adjustment and the property tax cap, the union has to seek absolution from Pope Andrew and move on to resolve the core issues.